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Consumer Product Testing >> Industries >> Furniture

Your industry. Our Focus

Furniture

Your industry, Our focus

Index:

 

Product Ranges

Domestic indoor, outdoor and camping

  • Seatings
  • Tables
  • Pre-cut characteristics
  • Storage units
  • Beds, etc.

Upholstery and mattresses

  • Upholstered seatings
  • Sofas
  • Cushions
  • Mattresses, etc.

Office and commercial (contract)

  • Seatings
  • Tables
  • Storage units

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Furniture in the international scenario

Globalization makes it easy for consumers to pick and choose from the best products worldwide.

  • Small and large manufacturers and retailers are delivering products that shall fulfill their technical specifications and be safe to the user.
  • Furniture testing help to provide, not only proof of compliance with the mandatory safety requirements, but also an insight into the performance and durability of the product while being used.

The importance of safety and performance, along with the quality of the product

Even if the durability and performance assessment of furniture may not be mandatory in many countries, it provides manufacturers, retailers and customers a clear vision about the quality , safety and lifetime expectation of the assessed products.

 

Good reasons to partnership with Eurofins

Beyond compliance testing we customize the service to help your products deliver according to your claims and benchmark:

  • Customized test protocols
  • Document review
  • Quality tests proposals

Whether for hard-goods in general or specifically for furniture products, ideally the following main points should be assessed by our experts:

  • General safety (Edges, shearing points, openings…)
  • Strength (Various loading tests / Heavy loads)
  • Durability (Fatigue test / Long cycles)
  • Stability (Tip over tests / Any directions)

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Our Service Scope in the Furniture Industry

Physical-mechanical & performance testing

Main requirements to comply with

Ideally the following main points should be assessed in terms of safety and performance:

  • General safety (Edges, shearing points, openings…)
  • Strength (Various loading tests / Heavy loads)
  • Durability (Fatigue test / Long cycles)
  • Stability (Tip over tests / Any directions)

Besides the previous mentioned tests, other quality tests are also usually applied on furniture products, such as:

  • Corrosion tests for metal parts (outdoor use)
  • Temperature-Humidity Aging
  • UV degradation tests for plastics (outdoor use)
  • Cross cut adhesion for coated surfaces
  • Moisture content of wooden products
  • Hardness test
  • Colour fastness for textile parts

VOC emission testing

Sample introduction in Stainless Steel  Emission test chambers (Conditions: ISO 16000-9).

Emissions collected in sampling tubes (different types of sampling tubes according to specific target compounds).

Analysis through different techniques (GC-MS, LC-MS, HPLC-UV).

Determination of Emission Rates:

  • Volatile Organic Compounds: Solvents, plasticisers,...
  • Formaldehyde and other aldehydes,
  • Other chemicals.

Chemical testing

Organic test

  • Azo Dyes, Disperse Dyes, PAH, DMF, Formaldehyde, Flame retardants (PBB, PBDE, TDCPP, TCEP, TEPA, etc.).

Inorganic test

  • Total Cadmium (Cd), Total lead (Pb), Nickel Release (Ni).

REACH Directive - SVHC testing

CPSIA regulation

  • Lead Content in Coating and Substrate, Phthalate Testing, etc.

Flammability testing

Different test methods for assessment of upholstered furniture and related textiles, covers, filling materials, etc.

As example, UK Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations set levels of fire resistance for domestic upholstered furniture, furnishings and other products containing upholstery.

  • Ignition requirements for filling materials
  • Cigarette resistance of upholstery composites
  • Match resistance of covers
  • Labelling requirements

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Regulatory framework

Europe

EU General Product Safety Directive (GPSD)

There is no specific EU legislation for furniture, neither for a large number of hard-goods products.

The GSPD applies to all of them. It is intended  to ensure a high level of product safety for consumer products that are not covered by specific sectors legislation (i.e. toys, chemicals, cosmetics, electrical).

Standards of voluntary nature have been developed by the CEN (“Comité Européen de Normalisation”, European Standardisation Committee) to assess the conformity of a wide range of products to the said directive (among which furniture, stationary sport equipment…), some of them listed as Harmonized standards under GPSD. 

Some examples of these standards can be found in the following slide.

In the absence of other references, national and international standards are commonly also applied as a way to ensure product quality, performance and safety requirements in order to fulfil with GPSD principles and/or with national legislations.

Some examples:

BS 4875-7 and ISO 7170: Storage furniture

NF D60 300 (series): Furniture for young children

NF D61 062: Outdoor furniture adjustable deck chairs

Use

Seatings

Tables

General

EN 1728 – Furniture-Seating-Strenght and durability test methods

EN 1730 – Furniture-Tables-Stability, strenght and durability test methods

Domestic

EN 12520 – Furniture-Strenght, durability and safety – Requirements for dosmetic seating

EN 12521-Furniture-Strenght, durability and safety-Requirements for dosmetic tables

EN 1022 – Dosmeticfurniture-Seating-Determination of stability

Outdoor & Contract

EN 581 – Outdoor furniture-Seating and tables for camping, domestic and contract use – Part 1 – General requirements

EN 581-2 – Part 2: Mechanical safety requirements and test methods for seating

EN 581-3 – Part 3: Mechanicalsafety requirements and test methods for tables

Office

EN 1335 – Office furniture-Office work chairs

EN 527 – Office furniture-work tables and desks

EN 13761 – Office furniture-Visitors chairs

EN 14074 – Office furniture-work tables and desks (and storage)

Contract / Public furniture

EN 1729 – Furniture-Chairs and tables for educational institutions

EN 16139 – Furniture-Strenght, durability and safety-Requirements for non-domestic seating

EN 15372 – Furniture-Strenght, durability and safety-Requirements for non-dometsic tables

EN 15373 – Furniture-Strenght, durability and safety-Requirements for non-domestic seating

UK Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations

Set levels of fire resistance for domestic upholstered furniture, furnishings and other products containing upholstery.

REACH Regulation

Restricted substances under Annex XVII as applicable as well as SVHC (Substances of Very High Concern).

Textile Labeling Regulation (EU) 1007/2011

Flame Retardants

Covered by different regulations at EU level- REACH, Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation, German ChemVerbots, etc.

Timber Regulation (EU) No 995/2010

Obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market - regulating trade in illegally harvested timber and timber products.

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US

Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA): Protecting the public against unreasonable risks of injury associated with consumer products

  • 16 CFR 1630 - Flammability of carpets, rugs
  • 16 CFR 1632 - Flammability of mattresses
  • 16 CFR 1634 - Flammability residential upholstered furniture (proposed rulemaking)
  • CPSIA
  • 16 CFR 1303 - Lead in paint on certain furniture articles
  • 16 CFR 1213 and 1513 - Bunk beds
  • 16 CFR 1219-1220 - Baby Cribs
  • Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA)
  • Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) (Title VI limiting formaldehyde emissions for composite wood products)
  • Textile Fiber Products Identification Act
  • California Prop 65
  • California Air Resources Board (CARB): formaldehyde emissions from wood
  • California Technical Bulletin 117-2013 - Flammability Standard Requirements for Upholstered Furniture.
  • OEHHA - Toxic chemicals.
  • Illinois Lead poisoning prevention Act
  • Washington Children´s Safe Products Act - Lead, Cadmium and Phthalates in children´s furniture.
  • Flame Retardant Regulations - Several States regulating Flame retardants in foam and upholstered furniture.
  • US Voluntary Standards - ASTM (Some examples):
    • ASTM F404 - High chairs.
    • ASTM F2057 - Chests, door chests, dressers.
    • ASTM 1561 - Plastic chairs for outdoor use.

 

Industry Standards

There are many industry standards which are widely followed and accepted within the market as a good reference for granting safety level and performance of furniture products:

FIRA

UK´s largest furniture association issuing own standards and guidelines. Examples:

  • FIRA C001: Cabinets (children´s domestic furniture)
  • FIRA 5000: Domestic bathroom

BIFMA

US Furniture Manufacturer´s association that develops safety and performance standards and guidelines. Examples:

  • ANSI/BIFMA X5.1: Office seating
  • ANSI/BIFMA X5.3: Vertical files

ANSI/BIFMA X5.4: Lounge and public seating

OEKO-TEX Standard 100

International Association for Research and Testing of Textiles applicable for textile products, accessories, mattresses, foams, upholstery. Harmful substances focused document.

 

VOC Emissions

There are regulations, standards and many different voluntary schemes worldwide regulating VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) emissions, which may apply to furniture products. Some examples:

  • ISO 16000 series: Indoor Air quality.
  • EN 717 series: Formaldehyde emissions wood based panels.
  • California CDPH Section 01350: Indoor air VOC emissions. Compliance with CDPH Standard also fulfils indoor air emissions criteria of CHPS (Collaborative for High Performance Schools).
  • Indoor Air Comfort Gold private Eurofins label certification.
  • LEED Indoor Environmental Quality criteria.
  • BIFMA Label: Standards for VOC emission rating and certification for furniture and seatings.

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