VOC Testing >> Emissions into Indoor Air Limit Values >> Summary European VOC limits

Summary of European VOC limits (example)

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Member States of the European Union may have different legal limits for VOC and formaldehyde emissions from interior construction products into indoor air. Voluntary programs labeling low emitting products normally have even lower limits. These limits apply after 28 days, in some cases also after 3 days of storage in a ventilated test chamber.

Non-conclusive lists of limit values are given here for the example of installation products (used to install other products permanently indoors), such as adhesives and sealants.

Below table 1 is an overview of the most relevant regulations and specifications as of April 2015, as regards requirements after 3 days storage in a ventilated test chamber.

Conversion of figures:

  • 1 ppb is 0.001 ppm;
  • 1 ppm is 1000 ppb 1 µg/m³ is 0.001 mg/m³; 1 mg/m³ is 1000 µg/m³

For conversion of figures between ppm and mg/m³, or between ppb and µg/m³, here are some popular conversion calculators:

All these require entry of the molecular weight (MW). You can find that data via Google, in Wikipedia etc.

Limit values after 3 days storage in a ventilated test chamber

 

TVOC
µg/m³

Sum of carcinogens C1A,CA2
µg/m³

Formaldehyde
µg/m³

Acetaldehyde
µg/m³

Sum of
Form- and Acetaldehyde

German DIBt regulation / AgBB

10 000

10

-/-

-/-

-/-

draft Lithuanian regulation

10 000

10

-/-

-/-

-/-

EMICODE EC2

3 000

10

50

50

50 ppb

EMICODE EC1

1 000

10

50

50

50 ppb

EMICODE EC1 PLUS

750

 

10

50

50

50 ppb

Blue Angel adhesives

1 000

10

 -/-

-/- 

50 ppb

Blue Angel sealants

2 000

10

-/-

-/-

-/-

Indoor Air Comfort

10 000

10

-/-

-/-

-/-

Indoor Air Comfort GOLD

1 000

10

50

50

50 ppb

 

Limit values after 28 days storage in a ventilated test chamber

Below table is an overview of the most relevant regulations and specifications as of April 2015, as regards requirements after 28 days storage in a ventilated test chamber. Some details may be missing in the table due to lack of space.

 

TVOC
µg/m³

TSVOC
µg/m³

Each carcinogen
C1A,CA2
µg/m³

Formaldehyde
µg/m³

Acetaldehyde
µg/m³

LCI

R value


Specials

 

Sum of non-LCI & non-identified
µg/m³

Belgian regulation

1000

100

1

100

200

Belgian list

1

Toluene 300 µg/m³

-/-

French regulations
class A+

1000

-/-

-/-

10

200

-/-

-/-

List of 8 VOCs,
4 CMR

-/-

French regulations
class A

1500

-/-

-/-

60

300

-/-

-/-

List of 8 VOCs,
4 CMR

-/-

French regulations
class B

2000

-/-

-/-

120

400

-/-

-/-

List of 8 VOCs,
4 CMR

-/-

French regulations
class C

>2000

-/-

-/-

>120

>400

-/-

-/-

List of 8 VOCs,
4 CMR

-/-

German DIBt/AgBB regulation

1000

100

1

100

1200

German AgBB list

1

-/-

100

draft Lithuanian regulation

1000

100

1

product type specific

-/-

Lithuanian list

1

-/-

-/-

EMICODE EC2

300

100

1

(after
3 days)

(after 3 days)

-/-

-/-

-/-

-/-

EMICODE EC1

100

50

1

(after
3 days)

(after 3 days)

-/-

-/-

-/-

-/-

EMICODE EC1 PLUS

60

 

40

1

(after
3 days)

(after 3 days)

German AgBB list

1

-/-

40

Blue Angel flooring adhesives

100

50

1

(after
3 days)

(after 3 days)

German AgBB list

1

-/-

40

Blue Angel sealants

300

30

1

60

other aldehydes 50 ppb

German AgBB list

1

-/-

-/-

Indoor Air Comfort

1000

100

1

60

200

Belgian and German list

1

4 French CMR

100

Indoor Air Comfort GOLD, installation products

750

60

1

10

50

Belgian and German list

1

4 French CMR

40

Finnish M1, sealants

20

-/-

1

10

-/-

-/-

-/-

Ammonia, odour

-/-

Finnish M1, adhesives

200 µg/m²h

-/-

5 µg/m²h

50 µg/m²h

-/-

-/-

-/-

Ammonia, odour

-/-